Why are some people more likely to tolerate alcohol than others
You can hear comments like that, she can drink me under the table, or he is a completely underweight person.
So what is alcohol tolerance? This term refers to the ability of some people to consume larger amounts of alcohol before feeling its effect compared to others, Peter Martin, professor of psychiatry and behavioral science at the Medical Center. Vanderbilt University said.
There are a number of reasons why this happens, and so why some people seem to drink endlessly without buzzing and others feel uncomfortable with half a glass of wine.
Gender, genetics and how much you drink have a role in suffering.
Researchers have examined many factors to find out why some people appear to handle alcohol more than others, Martin said.
Sex and body weight clearly influence how an individual tolerates alcohol. Men tend to drink more than women before they get drunk. Older people can absorb more than smaller ones without immediate adverse effects.
Other biological elements are a bit more complicated.
Some people think that it involves enzymes related to alcohol metabolism; others think there is a different effect on neurotransmission in the brain, Martin Martin said.
In the case of neurotransmitters, the hypothesis that the brains of some highly tolerant people simply receive a signal saying, Who Whoa is there, maybe you should stop drinking.
For the role of enzymes, alcohol metabolism is a multi-step process, he explained Brad Uren, an emergency medical assistant professor at the University of Michigan Medical System, Michigan Medicine. .
Most of the processed alcohol in the body was originally metabolized by the enzyme ‘alcohol dehydrogenase, into a compound called‘ acetaldehyde, he punched. Acetaldehyde is further metabolized by enzymes ‘aldehyd dehydrogenase.
Some people suffer from deficiency of aldehyd dehydrogenase, which can lead to accumulation of acetaldehyde in the blood.
This can lead to skin redness, and aggravate or increase symptoms often associated with ao hangover, Asian-origin individuals are more likely to be deficient in this enzyme.
In addition, our brain and body tend to adjust quite quickly to drink a lot of alcohol.
The human body is able to adapt to the increased use of alcohol, noted. This may lead to faster alcohol metabolism. Indeed, that means that people who drink alcohol more often may also be less intoxicated than others who drank the same amount of alcohol.
Higher tolerance is not necessarily a good thing.
The first problem with higher alcohol tolerance is that it can give the wrong impression of how truly someone is drunk. Although you may think that someone seems to be fine when driving or cycling because they don’t stumble or slow down – and they may think so – that’s not a sound assumption. The amount of alcohol consumed still matters.
It is not safe to assume that these individuals are able to perform tasks that require greater concentration and response time, such as driving, as if they do not drink alcohol, beer Uren says. The wiser choice is to take the key and call Uber.
It is also not safe to assume that a person with high alcohol tolerance, who can drink more without feeling drunk, will not see the long-term effect of excessive drinking.
They are still at risk of complications related to how much alcohol you have been drinking throughout your life, Martin Martin said. These include cirrhosis, brain disease, neurological disease, pancreatitis and gastritis or stomach cancer.
Indeed, people with higher tolerance, those who are more likely to drink, are more susceptible to alcoholism, he said.